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Example showing rooms of large senior living communitiesResidential Care Home Sample


When it comes to choosing the best Senior Care Home such as Assisted Living, Nursing Homes or other Senior Housing options for your aging loved ones, you want to make sure that you select the right senior care home. How? By familiarizing yourself with the different senior housing and senior care options available in your community.

Finding the right senior care home, or senior housing, whether an assisted living, nursing home or another type senior housing can get overwhelming at first, but having a better understanding of all the available senior care homes in your area, will make it easier and less stressful. Most of the senior care homes offer different senior housing programs and senior activities that will fit your or your aging loved one’s lifestyle.


Types of Senior Living Facilities:

Assisted Living
Memory Care
Board and Care

Independent Living

Adult Day Care
Adult Day Health Care

Nursing Homes
Continuing Care Retirement Communities


Assisted Living

Other common terms: Assisted Living Community, Residential Care Home 

Assisted Living Facilities are suited for seniors who want to live independently but need help with day-to-day activities. Seniors who select this senior care home do not require 24-hour supervision since these seniors do not have any serious medical conditions.

Assisted Living Communities typically offer meal service, housekeeping, social activities for seniors, medication assistance, transportation for medical appointments and other pleasure trips for seniors. Additional services like laundry, assistance with eating, bathing, toileting, grooming, dressing-up and other personal senior care, may also be available in an Assisted Living Facility.

In general, assisted living communities are not required to have nurses and/or doctors 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, although Assisted Living Facilities usually have medical staff on site or on call to be able to help seniors with their daily needs.

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Memory Care

Other common terms: Assisted Living, Residential Care Home, Memory Care

Memory Care Facilities are also known as memory care or dementia facility. This type of senior care home and senior housing specializes in the treatment and care of people with Alzheimer’s and Dementia as they have special needs.

The setting in a Memory Care Facility is similar to Assisted Living communities. Memory Care Facilities also provide personal services like help with eating, bathing, toileting, grooming, dressing-up, etc. Social services and programs tailored to provide senior housing patients with as much mental and memory stimulation as possible are also available for this type of senior care facility.

Memory Care Facilities have 24-hour support, higher level of security to protect wanderers, and structured programs to meet the needs of people with dementia

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Independent Living

Independent Living Communities are senior care homes that are also referred to as Retirement Communities. This senior care housing option, is ideal for healthy and active seniors who want to live independently as they want flexibility with their day-to-day activities. Seniors who choose Independent Living typically do not need medical assistance.

Independent Living Communities are suited for seniors who are interested to participate in educational, cultural and other social activities for entertainment. Independent Living communities usually offer a wide range of optional personal senior care services like: cleaning, laundry, transportation, group meals, fitness programs, etc.

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Adult Residential Facility (ARF)

Other common terms: Adult Home or Services for the Physically and Mentally Impaired

Adult residential care facilities provide 24-hour non-medical care for adults ages 18 through 59, who are unable to provide for their own daily needs. Adult Residential Facilities are suited for Adults and seniors who are physically handicapped, developmentally disabled, and/or mentally disabled.

Typically, this kind of board and care home offers a home-like setting and provides private or shared rooms, private or shared bathrooms, meal service and an open door policy for the senior residents’ friends and family.


Adult Day Care

Adult Day Care Facilities are senior care facilities that are also referred to as an adult day center. This type of senior care facility is another form of respite care. Adult Day Care is the ideal option for families who can still take care of their aging loved one at home, but are unable to provide senior care during the daytime (i.e., due to career, etc.).

Seniors who participate in an Adult Day Care program are provided companionship and support throughout the day and returns home at night.

An array of health programs and social activities for seniors are offered for stimulation and socialization in this senior care option. Majority of the programs in an Adult Day Care, include meal and transportation service while additional services like counseling, dancing, exercise, education, evening care, health screening, personal care, therapies, social activities and a lot more may also be available.

Generally, Adult Day Care Facilities are open up to eight hours a day, five times a week (Monday through Friday), although some may be open on Saturdays for a few hours.


Adult Day Health Care

Adult Day Health Care is also known as ADHC. It is a licensed community-based day care program providing a variety of health, therapeutic, and social services to those at risk of being placed in a nursing home.

The primary objectives of Adult Day Health Care program are to: 1) Restore or maintain optimal capacity for self-care to frail elderly persons or adults with disabilities and 2) Delay or prevent inappropriate or personally undesirable institutionalization.

Adult Day Health Care stresses partnership with the participant, the family, the physician, and the community in working towards maintaining personal independence.

Each ADHC center has a multidisciplinary team of health professionals who conduct assessments of each potential participant to determine and plan the ADHC services and senior care needed to meet the individual’s specific health and social needs. Services provided at the center include: medical services; nursing and personal senior care services; physical, occupational and speech therapy; psychiatric and psychological services; social services; therapeutic activities; hot meal and nutritional counseling; and transportation to and from the center.


Nursing Homes

Other common terms: Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNF)

Nursing Homes is a type of senior care home that offer services from a registered nurse, licensed vocational nurse and/or certified nursing aide are available 24-hours a day, 7 days a week to administer medical treatments and senior care prescribed by a doctor.Majority of nursing homes offer short-term and long-term care depending on the degree of care the senior residents need.


Continuing Care Retirement Communities

Continuing Care Retirement Communities are senior care facilities that are typically referred to as CCRCs or life care retirement communities. This senior care housing option is perfect for seniors who want to age in the same place as it offers flexible accommodations that are intended to meet the needs and wants of seniors which change overtime. Thus, not having to worry about moving.

Continuing Care Retirement Communities offer a long-term continuing care contract, usually for a resident’s lifetime. They provide appropriate level of senior care support for independent living, assisted living or nursing care all in one facility. Although expensive, this senior housing and senior care option is becoming one of the most popular choices today because it offers a wide range of programs, activities and amenities available to support the healthy lifestyle of seniors.


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